CASE STUDY IN HUMAN-CENTERED RISK MITIGATION:

HOUSING

Centralized Approach to Risk Mitigation

 

In the developed world, architects, engineers and developers are trained and licensed to produce custom designs that are then executed by skilled crews to enable custom construction of homes and other structures. In the event of a disaster, we mobilize quickly to understand the hazard that attacked and the vulnerability it exploited in our established design and construction practices. Once this is understood, the practice is revised through changes to codes and standards that are then disseminated to current and future technical professionals to allow retrofit and reconstruction of these custom designs. What is important to understand is that this process is supported by a government enacting zoning laws, building codes, permitting and inspection processes, with an established educational system for training of technical professionals in a country with the economic resources necessary to execute these projects. In the developing world, these underpinnings are woefully inadequate or even non-existent, making our traditional approach to remedying exposed vulnerabilities inappropriate.

Creating Surrogates for a Decentralized Approach to Risk Mitigation

 

E2E believes that process and product innovations can serve as surrogates to replace the elements of the traditional centralized approach to risk mitigation that many parts of the developing world are unable to support. E2E recognizes that the lack of capacity and even human capital to meet the demand for engineering services and lack of resources to procure these services in the free market. Standardization of designs, construction sequences, and quality control processes ensures that risk can still be mitigated in a decentralized fashion, regardless of the nation's capacity for centralized risk mitigation.